Red-eyed tree frog

Red-eyed tree frog

Agalychnis callidryas

Conservation status: IUCN – LC (Least concern), CITES – Appendix II.

Geographic range: Belize, Colombia, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama.

Physical description: These frogs are known for their very large, bright red eyes. Their bodies are usually bright green but can also be brown. Their underside is white and their sides are blue with light coloured stripes, while their legs are usually yellow. Sometimes, they have a white spot on their back. They grow up to 6-8 cm long and the females are larger than the males. 

Biology: Red-eyed tree frogs are nocturnal and hide in the plants of their habitat during the daytime. They only land on the ground in the evening to either hunt or refresh themselves in the water. Sometimes they change their body colour to dark brown to adapt to their environment and become more camouflaged and their skin can also produce toxins as a self-defence mechanism. These frogs prefer to climb than jump but can jump quite a long distance when necessary. During the mating season, it is possible to distinguish males from females, as the males will croak to lure the females and the females are incapable of croaking. 

Lifespan: 4-5 years.

Food habits: Insects (crickets, flies, moths, grasshoppers) or smaller frogs. 

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